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Common Dental Problems And How To Avoid Them

Dental problems are very uncomfortable, and others are painful. They can affect your smile and the food you eat. Knowing about common dental problems and their causes can help you avoid them. Here are some common dental problems and how to avoid them.

Gum Disease

Gum disease or periodontal affects the gums, and it’s common among adults over 30 years. It has three stages starting with gingivitis which is reversible. However, if left untreated, gingivitis progresses to a more severe problem called periodontal disease. This disease should be treated early enough to prevent progression to stage three, known as advanced periodontal disease. The third stage is very severe and causes all the teeth to become loose.

Some of the signs and symptoms of gingivitis include bleeding gums, especially when brushing. You may also experience bad breath even after brushing and loose teeth, which manifests during the third stage. Other signs include the development of pus and swollen, tender or red gums. If you notice any of these signs, you need to contact a dentist for a check-up.

You can prevent gum disease by practicing good oral hygiene. Brushing your teeth twice a day will prevent the buildup of plaque that brings bacteria attacking your gums. Regular dental check-ups can also go a long way in preventing gum disease.


Bad Breath

Bad breath or halitosis is a common oral problem that can be embarrassing. It can also signify other dental issues such as cavities, oral cancer, and gum disease. Bad breath can be caused by eating certain foods such as sweets, garlic, liquor, or onions. Brushing after every meal is very crucial as it helps to prevent bad breath. You can also use mouthwash or gargle with fresh water after having a meal. If the bad breath persists, you may need to visit a professional for a dental check-up.


Tooth Decay

Tooth decay or cavities are very common and affect all age groups. It happens when a plaque from food high in starch or sugar settles on the teeth’ surface. Bacteria in the mouth feed on the sugar and starch and produce an acid that damages the enamel causing tiny holes. Cavities are caused mainly by the food you eat and the bacteria in your mouth. Some of the leading causes of tooth decay in adults include consuming sugary foods and drinks and smoking. Some of the symptoms of tooth decay include tooth stains, visible holes on the teeth surface, sensitivity, and toothache. You may also experience sudden pain when drinking or eating something cold or sweet. You will want to keep up with your dental visits by visiting the best dentist in Cary NC or your particular locale.

You can prevent tooth decay by avoiding foods and drinks with high sugar or starch content. Brushing twice a day and flossing can also help you prevent cavities. Other ways include drinking a lot of water and scheduling regular dental check-ups.


Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is one of the deadliest dental diseases and affects many adults over 40 years. It is a serious oral disease with very high death rates in the US. However, oral cancer is usually curable when diagnosed and treated early enough. Some of the risk factors of oral cancer include alcohol use, smoking tobacco, and human papillomavirus. The symptoms of oral cancer include lumps, sores, rough areas in the mouth, and difficulty chewing or moving your tongue or jaw. You may also experience rough areas in your mouth or small pinkish growth. Regular dental check-ups can help determine the treatment process.


Dry Mouth

Dry mouth is common in most people, but you may need to seek treatment if you experience it for an extended period. It happens when your saliva glands are unable to produce enough saliva. Saliva helps to kill bacteria due to its antibacterial properties. It also helps to keep plaque from your teeth’ surface. Some causes of dry mouth include smoking, aging, and prescription medication. Lack of moisture in the mouth can lead to plaque buildup and tooth decay. Drinking a lot of water can help prevent dry mouth.



You can avoid these dental problems by practicing proper oral health. Staying away from foods with high sugar and starch content will prevent plaque buildup and most of these problems. Don’t forget to check in with your dentist from time to time to improve your dental hygiene.

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